The Homorod commune administrative area consists of three villages, namely these are: Homorod, there are documents in the National Archives what proves its existence in 1250. Mercheașa, there are documents in the National Archives what proves its existence in 1448. Jimbor, there are documents in the National Archives what proves its existence in 1443.

Commune’s population 2209 person, consists of Romanian, Hungarian, German, Rome and other nationalities. The villages area is 11658 hectares of which an area of 365 ha is in the built-up of the three localities and the difference in the unincorporated areas, consisting of agricultural land area 7410 ha, and 4183 ha of forest land watercourses.

LOCATION

Homorod is located in the central of Romania, also called “Depresiunea Homoroadelor” in the northern extremity of Brașov county. The commune is situated at a distance of 4 km from the city Rupea, which can be reached on E60 (Brașov-Târgu-Mureș). The distance from Brașov city is 62 km, and from Sighișoara city, 58 km. This road makes the area easy to access.

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How can I reach the commune’s villages?

From the E60 road, Brașov-Sighișoara arriving at Rupea-Gară come undone by a road (signposted and asphalted) to the village Homorod. On leaving the village after crossing the railway, stay on the road, and you will reach the village Mercheașa. Once you go through the village Mercheașa, stay on the main road, go straight ahead and you will arrive in Jimbor.

Historic

It is certain that the habitat area is held in the Neolithic age, but the most significant prehistoric traces were recorded from the Bronze age. As a result of many accidental but significant discoveries, a statuette named the “ Venus from Homorod” (located at the Brukenthal museum, Sibiu) belongs to the Wietenberg culture.

Antiquity has its land marks too, by placing from the Roman era ranks “Lindenhöltzchen” in the neighbour ship of the Roman road which connects the Roman camp of Hoghiz and Odorheiu Secuiesc.

The three villages, now part of Homorod commune, have medieval beginnings and their destiny was partially common, but over the centuries, an exchange of population has occurred.

In ancient times, the Homorod village was called Petersdorf named after a church dedicated to Saint Peter. Built in the second half of the XIII century, the evangelical church is one of the few churches with a Roman basilica plan room, and doesn’t have a three-ship structure as most of the churches built by the Saxons do. Strongly reinforced after 1500, with two fortified chambers, church-castle from Homorod was never conquered. In 1623 the fortified church was torched, but in 1626 was rebuilt. In the year of 1658 it withstood a siege of the Crimean Tatars.

In 1802, 1810, 1880, and 1956 restoration work was carried out.

The settlement from Jimbor – “Sombor” was in 1486 a village of Rupea area.

 

Climate

Climate

Brașov county has a temperate-continental climate, and regional is situated in a transition between Western European continental climate, with oceanic and the excessive continental shade from the east. This Carpathian sectors climate is moderately, continentally dominated by the atmospheric circulation from the northwest. In latitudinal means, the climate of this region is influenced also by the advection of cold, polar air masses, and hot air masses from the south. The annual temperature in the commune is 8 degrees Celsius. There are two flowing streams in Big Homorod from east to west, and in Small Homorod from the east to south direction. The annual volume of rainfall precipitation is significant throughout the year. Even in the driest month the average annual rainfall is 588 mm / m.

Vegetation

Vegetation

The forest lands are now private property of the municipal, and consist mainly of oak and beech trees. Hilly area with many meadows and deciduous forests, typical for south-eastern Transylvania. Near the village Mercheașa there is an area with numerous secular oak trees, one of these has aged over 900 years.

Fauna

Fauna

Wildlife in the forest is made up of a variety of animals like: bears, Carpathian stags, wild boars, wolves, foxes etc. The Homorod area is one of the most important areas in the country for the lesser spotted eagle. Besides nesting raptor species in this area there are two globally endangered species, the imperial eagle and greater spotted eagle. These old forests provide habitats not just for nesting raptors, but black storks and woodpeckers. In the meadows, Corncrake can be found. These areas serve as feeding place for prey and storks. In the thickets, we can find large herds of red-backed shrike.